What Happens to my Pet During a Dentistry?

PRE-DENTISTRY

Step 1: Dental health exam

Why should I do a dental health exam?

- Assess overall status of your animal’s oral health – look for any evidence of 1) tartar accumulation, 2) gingivitis, 3) halitosis: bad breath - did you know that this indicates evidence of bacteria?, 4) pus/blood, 5) mobile/fractured teeth: fractured teeth sometimes aren’t as obvious as you think - slab fractures can occur when chewing on anything hard (ex. antlers, rocks, sticks, etc.)

- Poor oral health can lead to other systemic diseases (ex. heart disease, kidney disease, weight loss, and many others!)

Step 2: Pre-anesthetic bloodwork

Why should I do pre-anesthetic bloodwork?

- General health assessment (liver function, kidney function, evidence of infection or anemia, blood glucose levels) and suitability for general anesthesia

- Guides decisions with managing anesthesia (which sedatives to use, what kind of pain medication to use, what fluid rate is suitable, etc.)

 

DAY OF DENTISTRY

Step 3: Dental x-rays

Why do we recommend dental x-rays?x-ray

- Gives us the overall health status of teeth – we are able to accurately and reliably assess whether there is evidence of disease – allows us to see what is under the gumline and on the inside of the teeth (ex. abscessed roots [“pockets”], root resorption, infection in the pulp cavity [“pulpitis”], root exposure, deformed roots, retained roots, extra teeth)

Step 4: Extracting teeth

 

How does it happen?

- A flap is made along the gums to allow us to burr away the bone and expose the tooth root(s)

- If there is more than one root, the tooth may be split into pieces to allow for easier removal

- A spoon-like tool, or an “elevator”, is used to help build traction and release the root from the ligament holding it in place

- Gum is stitched with absorbable suture material which dissolves on its own after the gum heals

 

Will my dog or cat still be able to eat?

- YES! Dogs and cats can do perfectly well without teeth – since they do not need to hunt as they did in the wild, they do not need to be able to chew or bite!

- Using soft food is an effective tool to allow your animal to eat – ASK US if you think your dog or cat should be on a soft diet!

 

Step 5: Cleaning and polishing

Do I have to do the cleaning?

- Cleaning ensures that we remove all tartar (“calcium deposits”) and bacteria (“plaque”) from the mouth – this helps with bad breath, gingivitis, and the overall health of your pet

- Polishing is an important step to delay the bacteria from attaching onto the tooth after the dentistry

 

POST-DENTISTRY

Step 6: At home care - Critical to  maintaining oral health and preventing further dentistries!

What kind of at home care should I do?

- BRUSHING TEETH - #1 way to maintain oral health and clean teeth

- Ideally, this should be done every day, but studies have shown that if you brush at least 3x a week, you can reduce the amount of tartar buildup by disrupting the plaque before it hardens

- Veterinary recommended water additives - formulated to reduce plaque in the mouthVOHC_Accepted_Seal

- look for the VOHC seal - this ensures the additive is recommended by veterinary dentists and has gone through testing (ex. Healthy Mouth)

- Veterinary recommended dental diets - are formulated specifically for oral health by being the right size, shape and consistency to allow for a mechanical cleaning action - in some diets, polyphosphates are added to bind to calcium and stop it from progressing into tartar (ex. Royal Canin Dental, Hill’s t/d)

 

Written by Dr. Emily Chris of The Animal Clinic